The definition of an ecosystem component is an ecological system formed by mutual interactions between living things and their environment, that is biotic and abiotic which cannot be separated from one another. Ecosystems can also be called a complete and complete unity between the parts of the environment that influence each other.
Definition of Ecosystem
Definition of ecosystem components in an ecosystem, organisms in a community develop together using the physical environment. Organisms will follow the atmosphere with the physical environment and vice versa can also affect the physical environment used for the needs of life. It should be noted that the level of availability of resources and criteria both chemical and physical determines the existence of a species in an ecosystem.
Ecosystem components are generally divided into two groups, namely biotics and also abiotic. The biotic component itself is a component in the form of living things. Meanwhile, the abiotic component includes everything outside living things in an ecosystem unit. Although not alive, but this abiotic component greatly influences the survival of the biotic component.
1. Abiotic component
the abiotic component is a non-living component that supports and maintains ecosystem balance. The abiotic component determines what creatures can survive and not in an ecosystem. Therefore the role of biotic and abiotic components is equally important in maintaining the continuity of life on earth. things that are included in the abiotic component are:
Biological processes are also determined by temperature. Mammals and poultry will need the energy to be able to regulate body temperature.
Water availability can also affect the distribution of organisms. Organisms that still exist in the desert adjust to the availability of water in the desert earlier.
Some terrestrial organisms can adapt to environments with high salt content.
The intensity and quality of sunlight can affect the photosynthesis process. Water can absorb light as a result of what happens in the water environment, photosynthesis occurs on surfaces that are not enough sunlight. In the desert, the greatest intensity of the sunlight can cause temperatures to rise, this business can cause fauna and plant stress.
e. Earth and stone
The soil characteristics that encapsulate include physical structure, mineral composition, and pH provide a limit on the spread of organisms according to the content of culinary origin in the soil.
Climate is the weather conditions in an area or location and in the long run when worn out. Macroclimate includes global, local and regional climate. The microclimate encapsulates the climate in an area inhabited by a number of specific communities.
2. Biotic Components
The biotic Ecosystem is a term used to refer to an organism. Biotic components are components that assemble ecosystems in addition to abiotic components.
Biotic ecosystem components include several things that can be grouped according to function. Based on the function of this component, it will be divided into two basic components, namely the autotroph and heterotroph components. Understanding the two is as follows:
a. Heterotroph or consumer
The heterotrophic component is called macro or phagotrophic consumer because of its mini size culinary. Classified as heterotrophs are humans, animals, microbes, and fungi.
b. Decomposition or parser
Decomposers or decomposers are organisms that describe the original organic material in accordance with organisms that have died. Decomposition is felt by macro or saprotrophic consumers. This is because culinary that has been consumed has a bigger size.
Decomposing organisms absorb a portion of the output according to decomposition and release simple materials that can be reused by the manufacturer. Classified as decomposers or decomposers are bacteria and fungi. There are 3 types of decomposition, namely:
1. Aerobics: oxygen as an electron or oxidant receiver
2. Anaerobic: oxygen is not splashed and organic matter becomes the recipient of electrons or oxidants
3. Fermentation: organic material but anaerobes that have been oxidized are also electron receivers. Components are in place and interact to grow ordinary ecosystems.
Thus explained briefly about the definition of ecosystem components found in the environment around us.