Mental Health: Aspects and Indicators

Mental Health in the Psychology literature, found several notions of mental health. That can be understood because the meaning of mental health is motivated by certain empirical conceptions that are part of mental health theory. The empirical concept here covers the rationale for insight, foundation, function, purpose, scope, and methodology used by the formulator.

Mental Health Aspects

Mustafa Fahmi as quoted by Muhammad Mahmud Mahmud, ‘found two aspects of mental health, namely:
1. Negative Aspects
Mental health is the avoidance of a person from all neuroses.
2. Positive aspects
Mental health is the ability of a person to adjust to his social environment.

Meanwhile, Hanna Djumhana Bastaman explained four aspects related to mental health, namely symptomatic aspects, aspects of adjustment, aspects of potential development, and aspects of religion.

1. Symptom aspects

Symptomatic aspects are aspects related to symptoms and complaints, disorders or nafsaniah diseases. Mental health means avoiding someone from all the symptoms, complaints, and mental disorders, both in the form of neurosis and psychosis.

2. Adjustment Aspects

Adjustment aspects are aspects related to the activeness of a person in meeting environmental demands without losing self-esteem. Or meet personal needs without disturbing the rights of others. Mental health from this aspect is related to a person's ability to actively adjust to their social environment.

3. Personal Development Aspects

Personal development aspects are aspects related to the quality of a person that can be identified such as creativity, the nature of proclivity, intelligence, responsibility, and so on. Mental health means the ability of a person to function according to his full human potential so that he benefits himself and others.

4. Religious Aspects

Religious aspects are aspects related to religious teachings. Mental health in a religious perspective is one's ability to carry out religious teachings correctly and correctly based on beliefs and piety.
Mental health referred to here is more focused on health-oriented to religion. This selection is not only because it is consistent with aspects developed in psychopathology and psychotherapy, but it is also in accordance with the developing Islamic concept. Ibn Rushd for example in "Fasbl al-Maqal" states, "piety is mental health." The statement shows that mental health dialectics has long been built by Muslim psychologists, who inevitably have to be used as a wholeness of Islamic psychology discourse at this time.

Indicator of Mental Health

Atkinson determines mental health, which is a condition in which a person feels emotionally comfortable. This understanding is assumed that in principle humans are born in a healthy condition. Atkinson further mentions six indicators of a person's mental health.

1. Perception of Reality

The first indicator of a person's mental health is to be realistic in assessing abilities and in interpreting the world around them. He does not constantly think negatively about others and is not excessive in worship.

2. Know Yourself

A person who can know oneself is someone who has an awareness of his own motives and feelings, even though no one is really aware of his own behaviour and feelings. This is an indicator of mental health that can be seen in everyone.

3. Ability to Control Behavior Consciously

An important indicator of mental health is when a person has a strong belief in his ability so he can control it. When someone is able to consciously control his behaviour, then that indicates mental health already exists in him.

4. Self-Esteem and Acceptance

Adjustment someone is determined by the assessment of self-esteem and feel accepted by the people around him. This is an indicator of mental health in a person. He feels comfortable with others and is able to adapt or react spontaneously in all social situations.

5. The ability to form bonds of love

Someone who has good mental health than as a normal individual then he can form a close bond of love and be able to satisfy others. He is sensitive to other people's feelings and does not demand additional costs from others. Conversely, with low mental health, he will become an abnormal individual and do too much self-protection so that his activities are only self-centred.

6. Productivity

A person who has good mental health is someone who is aware of his abilities and can be directed to productive activities.
Thus we write a short article related to mental health that can be used as a reference understanding of healthy minds.

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